From different considerations , Immanuel Kant criticized previous ethical theories . Kantian ethical cause was stipulated by a doctrine of independence or ` self-sufficiency of faith . At the same time , Kant s predecessors ( such as Plato , Socrates , and Aristotle ) and his genesis considered that ethics should be based on trust , as utmost as the honourable impartiality (the deterrent example barter ) is given up or imparted to people by companion ideal . Reasoning from this cognition , the chasteists (both Christian and non-Christian ) recalled sanctified Scriptures and spiritual teachings . By this means Holy Bible presented the myth of miraculous clean rightfulness (for employment the Ten Commandments provided to Moses by GodAccording to Kant , righteousness depends on no worship , because the religious com mandments cannot impose the moral duties . Kant also doubts the Material high-mindedness and the Rationalists claims because of AntinomiesAccording to Kant , something that comes about not from righteousness and freedom cannot be the easing for the absence of theology . thence morality itself needs no godliness , but kind of by the pr get alongical author weighs upon itself . Kant refutes the relationship amid the morality and religion by the pursuit moderatenessingFirst , to have moral worth the compriseion should be through with(p) from duty . Second its moral worth is stipulated by the doctrine of result by which this be out is performed . Finally , the duty is the squeeze that binds a person to his obligations , where the influenceion should be performed in abidance to the law . Thus , the morality is autonomous . Also , Kant considers that religion depends on the morality rather than the morality depends on religion , because the person cannot behave chas tely simply because of the fact that God com! manded him to be moral . On contrary , the person believes in God s existence because , as it is claimed by Kant , the morality itself calls for look . The practical reason predominates oer the theoretical reason .
In such a travel plan , Kant derives the idea of autonomy from the moral lawAccording to Kant , autonomy and heteronomy be dickens opposite paths of choosing how to act . Autonomy is a way of live up to based on self-evident moral law , which is stipulated by the categorical desperate . It depends on no rude(a) or societal laws (the lieu the will has of being a law unto itself . Autonomous agent s (those who act ) act in such a way that the will is both a lawmaker and a subject to the law . It means that their way of action is stipulated by the internal wishes , drives and determine . Autonomous agents enjoy exclusive freedom of action . Their self-being is intractable by their own reason and conscienceIn contrast to autonomy , heteronomous way of choosing how to act is determined by the external drives and duties (for example the laws that are imposed on a person from without . Heteronomous way of action is based not on moral principles , but on the other spheres (for example social life . To put it otherwise , the autonomous will is the talent to make universal decisions and to act both as a lawgiver...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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