Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Disease in the News

The word tebibyte in Africa- Combating an human immunodeficiency virus-Drive Crisis is written by a Dr. Richard E. Chaisson, a medical doctor and Dr. Neil A. Martinson, deputy director for the perinatal human immunodeficiency virus Research Unit at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa (Chaisson and Martinson, 2008 ). concord to the biography sketch of Dr. Chaisson listed at the website of CREATE (Consortium to Respond Effectively to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome TB Epidemic), Dr.Chaisson is a professor of practice of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University aim of Medicine and is currently a director for the Center for Tuberculosis Research and the clinical Preventive TB overhauls in Baltimore City Health segment (Consortium to Respond Effectively to the aid TB Epidemic 2008). He calibrated summa cum laude from the University of Massachusetts and studied medicine from the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 1982 (2008). From then on, Chaiss on interned at the University of California, interning at the Moffitt Hospital. (2008).Previous to his current position at Johns Hopkins, Dr. Chaisson was the director for the AIDS Service of Johns Hopkins Hospital (2008). He as well as served as attending physician in the AIDS Division of The Medical Service in San Francisco General Hospital (2008). Likewise, he has written more than 50 case reports, peer and non-peer refreshened obliges on topics concerning human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis (2008). Needless to say, his educational and professional background in tuberculosis and AIDS make him a credible credit for this article which focuses on tuberculosis and AIDS.On the other hand, Neil Martinson, as depositd earlier, is a deputy director for the Perinatal HIV Research Unit at a university in South Africa (Chaisson and Martinson, 2008). Aside from his, Martinson is a Research comrade for the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, JHU Center for TB Research (Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS TB Epidemic 2008). Martinsons credential as listed from the CREATE website state that Martinson took up his bachelors degree from the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa, obtained his rank of the Faculty of General Practitioners (MFGP) in College of Medicine in South Africa (2008).Furthermore, he completed his post- doctorate studies at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health (2008). preliminary to his present position, Dr. Martinson served for the Johannesburg Community and the Johannesburg Urban Environmental Management (2008). He has since co-written peer-reviews query articles and non peer-reviewed publications on AIDS, focalisation primarily of the South African health locating (2008). date Dr. Chaissons fortes are tuberculosis and AIDS, Dr. Martinsons strong points accessory towards AIDS and South Africa.This makes Drs. Chaisson and Martinson credible in writing such(prenominal) article. Tuberculosis i n Africa- Combating an HIV-Drive Crisis appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine on its sight 358 (Chaisson and Martinson 2008). The journal is a weekly medical journal publishing review articles and medical research findings on areas such as immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, hematology, kidney disease, oncology, pulmonary disease, rheumatology, HIV and infectious diseases (New England Journal of Medicine, 2008).The article tackles the growing tuberculosis outbreak in Africa, a dangerous disease driven yet another perilous epidemic in the community- AIDS and how it is being dealt with (Chaisson and Martinson, 2008). The article starts off by stating that Africa is facing the worst tuberculosis epidemic, one that is driven by the HIV prevalence (Chaisson and Martinson, 2008). The authors cited a World Health Organization (WHO) data affirming the berth of tuberculosis incidence in African nations (29% of total global cases) (2008).It also exclaimed, based on two separate studies, that tuberculosis is the most coarse coexisting condition in deaths occurring in people with AIDS (2008). express studies were published in 2002. The article was written upright this year, in March. While the studies proved to be useful in preparing the article, this proofreader feels that the assertion would view as been more forceful had the authors involved studies that are up to date. For one, the WHO citation came from a 2007 WHO report. It is without a doubt, an updated report.The impact is still fresh. The article talks of a plethoric epidemic so it is rather important to have supporting data that are latest. Earlier studies would only serve as basis for comparison. In the article, the authors explained how tuberculosis and HIV are associated (2008). The explanation is simply stated and since this article is intended for a medical journal, this critic thinks that the explanation is written well, no beating around the bush. Instead, the el ucidation is done matter of fact.There is no direct for supporting statement or evidence since the article is targeted for those in the domain of medicine. Hence, an explanation like this is something that they know of well. They probably memorize it. Since the disease is focusing only on Africa, the authors are able to provide a subject area perspective on the epidemic. Figures culled from Africa-related studies are enumerated, making it plain for the readers to realize that that this article is about Africa related incident alone.The focus is Africa so the authors did not include statistics from other countries. This provides a clear focus on the subject. The authors also explained how the nation is dealing with the epidemic. They said that while NGOs have helped tremendously in closure Africas health plague, a huge chunk of the money is allocated from HIV and not for tuberculosis. There is no supporting evidence to back this statement. Hence, this reviewer believes that this bold statement would have made more impact had the authors gave gain corroboration.However, this critic also believes that this would have been difficult to make. Funding agencies would probably just state that they are donating money to help Africa solve its health problems and that would travel by HIV, tuberculosis, etc. A donation is still a donation and whatsoever help extended should be received with gratitude. Perhaps, it would have been booming if moreover studies regarding HIV-driven tuberculosis deaths are published. By then, prospective donors would be the first to extend their arms in funding.The authors enumerated ways on how Africa could deal with this dilemma taking on new strategies regarding its health care system. They also cited WHOs intervention. Additionally, they listed a study conducted in 2005 on the impact of antiretroviral therapy involving HIV infected patients in Brazil. This is promising, especially for those directly involved with the African hea lth care system. It is considerably that the authors included this recent development for it would be something that Africa could look into.On the whole, the article is well-written. It is easy to read. The organization of data is presented in a way that the readers, technical or non-technical, would be able to follow it. Furthermore, the authors are two authorities in their respective fields and that alone makes them credible in writing such piece. The statements (majority) are backed with supporting evidence. They did not claim on how to subvert the outbreak. They merely provided suggestions, again with evidence, on how it could be done.

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